Cold & Flu

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A cold is a viral infection of the nose, throat, sinuses and upper airways

which is usually not serious. This is very common and gets better on its own within a week or two in most cases.

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The main symptoms of a cold are:

Sore throat
blocked or runny nose
Sneeze
Cough
More severe symptoms include fever, headache, and muscle aches, although these are more common than those of the flu.

Symptoms that are not common:
  • Fever – usually 37-39 centigrade body temperature (98.6-102.2 Fahrenheit)
  • Headache
  • Earache – severe earache can be a sign of a middle ear infection
  • muscle pain
  • loss of taste and smell
  • mild burning in the eyes
  • Feeling of pressure in ears and face
  • Symptoms are usually most bothersome during the first two to three days, after which they gradually begin to improve. In adults and older children, they usually last 7 to 10 days, but can also last longer. In particular, the cough can last for two or three weeks.
What to do
There is no cure for a cold, but you can take care of yourself by following these things:
  • rest, drink plenty of fluids, and eat healthy
  • taking over-the-counter pain relievers such as paracetamol or ibuprofen to reduce fever or discomfort
  • using decongestant sprays or pills to open up a blocked nose
  • gargling with salt water and sucking on menthol tablets
  • Many pain relievers and decongestants are available at pharmacies without a prescription. They are generally safe for older children and adults to take but are not suitable for infants, young children, pregnant women, and people who have other health problems. Not even for those who are taking some other drugs. If you are in doubt, talk to your pharmacist.

You need to contact your doctor if:

your symptoms last more than three weeks.
your symptoms suddenly get worse.
you are having trouble breathing.
You have problems with a cold, such as chest pain or blood with mucus when you cough.
If you are concerned about your child or an elderly person, or if you have a chronic illness such as lung disease, it is best to consult a doctor.

How does a cold spread?
  • In general, a person becomes contagious a few days before their symptoms begin and stays there until all of their symptoms are gone. This means that most people can infect others for about two weeks.
  • You can get a virus infection from an infectious person in the following ways:
  • touching an object or surface contaminated with infected droplets and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes
  • touching the skin of someone who has infected droplets on their skin and then touching your mouth, nose, or eyes
  • Inhaling droplets containing the cold virus while inhaling (inhaling) – spread into the air when an infected person coughs or sneezes
  • Colds are easily transmitted between groups of people who are in constant contact, such as those in the family or children attending school and day-care. These infections tend to occur over the course of centuries, although it is not clear why.
  • Many different viruses can cause a cold, so it’s possible to get a cold several times in a row, from infection with different viruses.
How to stop the spread of cold and flu?
  • There are some simple steps you can take to prevent the spread of colds. for example:
    wash your hands regularly, especially before touching your nose or mouth and before touching food.
  • Always sneeze and cough into a tissue paper – this can prevent virus-containing droplets from entering the air through your nose and mouth, where they can infect others; You should immediately throw away the used tissue paper and wash your hands.
  • Clean surfaces regularly Use your own cups, plates, cutlery and kitchen utensils to keep them free of germs.
  • Do not share towels or toys with someone who has a cold.
  • It has been suggested that vitamin C, zinc, and garlic supplements may reduce your chances of getting a cold, but there is currently not enough strong evidence to support this.
Is this a cold or the flu?

Sometimes it can be difficult to tell whether you have a cold or something more serious like the flu, as the symptoms can be very similar.
The main differences are:
flu symptoms
early symptoms
Headache, fever, and muscle aches
make it difficult to carry on with your normal activities because you feel unwell
symptoms of cold

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Depression

Having a small amount of stress is a part of our life. It is also sometimes beneficial, for example, to do some work, we feel ourselves under light pressure, so that we can do our work well and the enthusiasm remains while doing the work.

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Skin Disorder And care

Skin Disorders This is a disorder that affects the skin of humans and causes skin diseases. In many people the skin disorder gets cured on its own, but in some people the skin disorder is due to internal disease.

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Allergies

simply a change in the physical symptoms, which can be overcome with the right treatment. Aromatic substances, pollen of flowers, dust mites, odor of petrol or kerosene oil, mildew, pain relief pills, etc. come under this category.

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Diabetes

Diabetes is very common in today’s time. Diabetes is taking hold very fast in the way it has become a lifestyle nowadays.

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Cancer

the cells of our body grow and divide in a controlled manner. When normal cells are damaged or cells become old, they die and are replaced by healthy cells. In cancer, the signals that control cell growth do not work properly. Cancer cells keep on growing and multiply when they should stop. In other words, cancer cells do not follow the same rules as healthy cells.

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Human Immunodeficiency Virus.

The defense system of the human body is called the immune system or immune system.

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Heart Diseases

Heart disease has become the cause of death for most of the people in India. According to a study, out of 1000 people, 272 people die of heart disease and this figure may double in the next 26 years.

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