Nutrition is the whole process of ingestion of food

Energy is required for the conduct of biological functions in the body of living beings (all living beings including humans). This energy is obtained from food. Nutrition is the whole process of ingestion of food (nutrients) by living things (the process of transporting food into the body), digestion, absorption and assimilation and the release of indigestible substances. Nutrients are substances necessary for energy production, physical growth and repair of wear and tear.

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What is the usefulness of nutrition for the body?

Nutrition is essential for any living being, for this physiological functions are not possible. Just as fuel is needed for a vehicle, in the same way our body needs nutrients. Let us know about the requirement of nutrients in detail.

Types of Nutrients

Our diet should include such food which can supply the right amount of nutrients. Such a diet is called a balanced diet. Every person needs 6 nutrients for energy, tissue maintenance and bodily functions. Which includes proteins, vitamins, carbohydrates, fats, water and minerals. Let us know about them in detail.


Protein is a very important nutrient for the nutrition of the body, which should be consumed by everyone. Protein is essential for our body to function properly, to build muscles, and to build and repair the cells of our body. Along with this, protein is also the source of energy for our body. Rich sources of protein include eggs, fish, meats and beans. Protein provides amino acids to the body.


Vitamins are very much needed by our body. If any vitamin is not available to our body for any reason, then our body can suffer from vitamin-borne diseases. Vitamins are substances that help your body grow. It strengthens your immune system and keeps you away from many diseases. Most of the vitamins we get are from fruits and vegetables.


Minerals are good nutrition. Some important minerals or minerals are necessary for our body to function properly. It not only corrects the metabolism of the body but also keeps your health good. Its sources include fruits, vegetables, dairy products, meat, and fish.


Starch or starch is a major food substance in the form of carbohydrates which is found in many types of food. Carbohydrates are found in sufficient quantity in potatoes, sago, rice, whole grains, pasta, bread, corn, etc. By eating it, the body gets energy and it also plays an important role in digestion.


Fat or fat is the main component of our diet and performs many functions in the body. Essential sources of this include dairy products, meat, seeds, and foods such as nuts and vegetable oils. Fat is digested into fatty acids, which are used as an energy source.+


We also include water in nutrition. About 60 percent of the body is made up of water. Drinking enough H2O helps maintain fluid balance in the body, which helps transport nutrients in the body, regulates body temperature, and aids in the digestion of food. So never let there be a shortage of water in your body.


The energy required for carrying out various functions of the body is obtained from the oxidation of various components, mainly carbohydrates, and fats. Physiological Repair:
Food contributes to the growth of the body and the repair of damaged organs and tissues. Proteins, minerals, salts, vitamins, etc. contribute to this function. Metabolic control:
Food maintains the various organs and animals of the body in proper condition and contributes in controlling the metabolic activities by proper operation of them. Vitamins, minerals, salts, and water play an important role in this function. Immunity:
A balanced diet increases the immunity power in the body. Proteins, minerals, vitamins, etc. are important substances for this function. In this way, food protects the body from diseases.

How much nutrition is needed per day

Generally, the human body needs nutrients according to its age and biological functions. Different standards have been set for children, pregnant women, and adults and according to these standards, a person should include nutrients in his diet. If we talk about Indians, then the survey of the Government of India also says that nutrition per person should be according to his age. The 2012 survey gave different nutritional standards for rural and urban areas. However, we are telling you about the nutritional needs given by the nutritionist. You can also take nutrients according to the need of the body by consulting a dietician.

Nutrition daily need:

⦁ Protein: 64 g
⦁ Fluids (water, milk and other beverages): 2.5 to 3 liters
⦁ Fiber: 30 g
⦁ Vitamin A: 900 mcg
⦁ Thiamine: 1.2 mg
⦁ Riboflavin: 1.3 mg
⦁ Niacin: 16 mg
⦁ Vitamin B6: 1.3 mg
⦁ Vitamin B12: 2.4 mcg
⦁ Folate: 400 mcg
⦁ Vitamin C: 45 mcg
⦁ Calcium: 1000 mcg
⦁ Iodine: 150 mcg

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